[1][2], Pola's secondary battery was revised several times during her career. [11], The Italian fleet was reorganized on 9 December, and Pola joined her three sister ships in the 3rd Division of the 1st Squadron, which was now commanded by Admiral Angelo Iachino. Pola was built as a flagship with a larger conning tower to accommodate an admiral's staff. [11] [12], Like the rest of the Italian heavy cruisers, Bolzano was present at the major fleet actions during the first two years of the war in the Mediterranean. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) built a series of heavy cruisers as part of a modernization program to use the tonnage allotted to Italy for cruisers by the international naval treaties of the period. She was the last of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume e Gorizia were the other three), built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930 she entered service in 1932. The ships sortied in response to British attacks on Italian positions in Libya. On 3 September 1936 she left Gaeta, bound for Spanish waters; she thereafter began a non-intervention patrol during the Spanish Civil War. [9] [10], By 1928, the Italian navy had begun rebuilding the Conte di Cavour-classbattleships, and as a result, Pola was completed with an enlarged bridge so she could temporarily serve as the fleet flagship. Plastic Model is an area of baus in which models built to mainly made from plastic (now most commonly polystyrene). Découvrez des commentaires utiles de client et des classements de commentaires pour The Italian Heavy Cruiser Pola sur Amazon.fr. The seven ships represented disagreements within the naval high command, with one faction favoring high speed at the expense of armor protection (which resulted in the Trentos and Bolzano) and another that preferred heavier armor in exchange for a reduced top speed (which produced the Zaras). Named after the Italian city of Zara, the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. Includes: Plastic sprue (Light gray), Photoetched fret (Brass), Decalsheet (waterslide) (Multi-colored), Instructions (Paper) (Multi … He was killed in the Battle of Cape Matapan. She was built by CRDA, in Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino shipyard Trieste and named after the Italian general Giuseppe Garibaldi. The Battle of Calabria, known to the Italian Navy as the Battle of Punta Stilo, was a naval battle during the Battle of the Mediterranean in the Second World War. All seven ships saw extensive service in the Mediterranean Sea during World War II, where they repeatedly engaged elements of the British Royal Navy. your own Pins on Pinterest This is usually Antriebslose stand to models where develop an interest in more lying on a high level of detail to be seen to be believed of strength or functional, with those can also to be played. She was still under repair in La Spezia when Italy surrendered to the Allies in September, and she was seized by German forces when they occupied much of the country. Bolzano was built by the Gio. Among the best-protected heavy cruisers built by any navy in the 1930s, the heavy armor was acquired only by violating the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited cruiser displacement to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t). United States heavy bombers raided La Maddalena in April 1943, sinking Trieste and badly damaging Gorizia; the latter vessel and Bolzano were later attacked by Italian commandos while Italy was under German occupation in 1944 to prevent the Germans from repairing and reactivating them. [13] Admiral Inigo Campioni broke off the action because he mistakenly believed he was facing a superior force, the result of poor aerial reconnaissance. [7] On 6 July, Pola and the rest of the 2nd Squadron escorted a convoy bound for North Africa; the following day, Italian reconnaissance reported a British cruiser squadron to have arrived in Malta. [24][19][20] About ten minutes after midnight, the destroyer Havock discovered Pola, still without power, in the darkness. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina, the lead ship of the Zara class. Each took their name from one of the ‘redeemed’ cities, gained from Austria after the First World War. From 30 July to 1 August, Pola, Trento, and Gorizia escorted a convoy to Libya. The Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. She had a crew of 841 officers and enlisted men. While returning from a failed attempt to intercept a British convoy in August 1941, Bolzano was torpedoed by the British submarine HMS Triumph. Two 120 mm (4.7 in) 15-cal. [11] According to some sources, the two 203 mm hits on the British cruiser HMS Berwick which disabled one of her main battery turrets were fired by Pola. [1], Pola, named for the eponymous city seized by Italy after World War I, was laid down at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno on 17 March 1931 and was launched on 5 December that year. During the battle, she was disabled by a British airstrike. Nov 1, 2014 - Cruiser Fiume was one of the 4 heavy cruisers of 10000 tons class "Zara", every unit taking the name of Italian cities acquired after WWI (Zara, Fiume, Pola, Gorizia). [17][18][19][20], Iachino was unaware of Pola's plight until 20:10 on 28 March; upon learning of the situation he detached Fiume, Zara, and four destroyers to protect Pola. [1536 x 1064] At the beginning of 1928, the Italian Regia Marina, not to be disadvantaged compared to the other … Aviere ("Airman") was one of seventeen Soldati-class destroyers, built for the Regia Marina in the late 1930s and early 1940s. [3], Pola went on a short cruise to Italian Libya on 10–12 March 1937, with Mussolini and Prince Luigi Amedeo aboard. Etna(1885) - Sold 1921 2.2. The Littorio class, also known as the Vittorio Veneto class, was a class of battleship of the Regia Marina, the Italian navy. About this, I suggest to read this dramatic and true fact, … She displaced 13,944 long tons (14,168 t) at full load, though her displacement was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) restriction set in place by the Washington Naval Treaty. Unfortunatly, 3 of the 4 units were sunk during the Cape Matapan battle in march 1941. The main conning tower had 150 mm thick sides. Pola was thereafter reassigned to the 3rd Division, along with her three sister ships. Retrouvez Italian Heavy Cruisers Of WW2 - Warship Pictorial No. The ship was laid down in February 1925, launched in October 1927, and was commissioned in April 1929. Her engines were rated at 95,000 shaft horsepower (71,000 kW) and produced a top speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, though in reality she significantly exceeded this figure. The turrets were arranged in superfiring pairs forward and aft. [9] On 1 November, Mussolini visited the ship in Taranto. Like her sisters, she was armed with a battery of eight 203-millimeter (8.0 in) guns and was capable of a top speed of 32 knots. Their weak armor led officers in the Regia Marina to demand better-protected vessels for the next class of cruiser to be built. [6] She refueled at Messina and departed on 12 June,[3] along with the rest of the 2nd Squadron and the 1st Squadron. Italian heavy cruisers took part in the Battles of Calabria, Taranto, Cape Spartivento, Cape Matapan, First and Second Sirte between 1940 and 1943. Zara was a heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), the lead ship of the Zara class.Named after the Italian city of Zara (now Zadar, Croatia), the ship was built at the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard beginning with her keel laying in July 1928, launching in April 1930, and commissioning in October 1931. July 8, 1940. star shell guns were added in 1940. A nighttime training operation followed on 23–24 March. The Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina) operated one of largest cruiser forces of World War II.As a signatory to the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty, the Regia Marina immediately attempted to reinforce its treaty-limited battleship force by building seven large 10,000-ton heavy cruisers. Trieste was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … Also, it’s the only injection moulded kit of an Italian cruiser of WW2, so for that reason alone, I had to build it. Lookouts on the crippled Italian cruiser spotted shapes approaching and assumed them to be friendly vessels, so they fired a red flare to guide them. [5] Pola's first wartime operation was to cover a group of minelayers on the night of 10–11 June. [3], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°19′N 20°59′E / 35.317°N 20.983°E / 35.317; 20.983, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in March 1941, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_cruiser_Pola&oldid=1007685931, World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 11:36. The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. Piemonte(1… [24] Pola was formally stricken from the naval register on 18 October 1946. [2] Pola participated in a naval review in the Gulf of Naples, where she hosted Italy's fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini, on 6–7 July 1933. The Italian ships were ordered not to open fire but merely to try to impede the progress of the Spanish ships and force them to dock at Augusta, Sicily. The ships were very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though they possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. [3] Pola was drydocked on 16 December for repair work that lasted until 7 February 1941. She was built by OTO at La Spezia and named after Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, an Italian explorer and Admiral of World War I. Giuseppe Garibaldi was an Italian Duca degli Abruzzi-class light cruiser, that served in the Regia Marina during World War II. Comprend: Grappes de plastique . Vittorio Veneto was the second member of the Littorio-class battleship that served in the Italian Regia Marina during World War II. Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. Jun 30, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Jaroslav Vaškeba. Fitting-out work proceeded quickly, and the new cruiser entered service just over a year later on 21 December 1932. Named for the town of Gorizia, the ship was laid down at the OTO Livorno shipyard in March 1930, was launched in December that year and was commissioned into the fleet in December 1931. The Spanish commander refused and instead steamed to Bizerte in French Tunisia, where his ships were interned. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) built a series of heavy cruisers as part of a modernization program to use the tonnage allotted to Italy for cruisers by the international naval treaties of the period. The heavier armament was composed by 8 203mm guns. Angelo Iachino was an Italian admiral during World War II. 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