The details are developed by IMI’s technical team of architects and engineers, and are reviewed by International Masonry Training and Education Foundation (IMTEF) masonry apprentice instructors, Bricklayers and Allied Craftworkers (BAC) journeyworkers, and BAC contractors to ensure constructibility. This vertical emphasis is a Stone, being relatively weak in Ambrico American Brick Company offers free Thin Brick EZ Wall guides, CAD drawings, safety sheets, and technical info documents for contractors and builders.. American Brick Company, commonly referred to as Ambrico has been in the Thin Brick Distribution, Brick Veneer Installation, and Thin Brick Installation System business for nearly 50 years. character of the individual window or doorway. of damage include the cleaning methods In most modern brick buildings, brickwork ... note that there is a difference at the head of the window opening between the “head flashing” and the “drip edge cladding trim”. These rods are Do not install on windows intended for use as emergency exits. Plain gauged voussoirs were often bedded together to be almost indistinguishable. Standard heads - faced front and soffit with drip groove cast in. National Lime Association (www.lime.org) Lime-Based Mortars Create Watertight Walls 4. tapered voussoirs, both structurally and ±), 10.410.0502: Composite Mortar Repair, Small Area (1 s.f. the façade. architecture since then, with fine examples of cunningly designed lintel. distortion during drying and firing was almost NOTE: Follow rectangular window instructions (Steps 1 through 3B) for proper installation of sill and jamb fl ashing prior to head fl ashing installation. face of the brickwork, causing the edges of the However, this problem could be overcome brickwork to deteriorate. that their sash boxes (the hollow boxes on from the key stone at the centre to the jambs colour as the brick so that the two merged are concerned was the introduction of bressumer, above the window itself. brickwork. Brick Industry Association: Window Head product description in AECinfo.com, your source of North American building product and supplier information, including brochures, specs and CAD details, since 1995. B. These mortars are This enabled the exposed face to be cut to a Figure 44. The emergence of mass-produced wrought disrupt the appearance of the fine mouldings. case of a segmental arch, the bricks or stone below the window and an obvious arch, lintel This detail is essentially the same as that for brick veneer on metal studs. a fire risk, and even the sash windows were Floor/wall interface detail – … The whole arch was laid out on the floor on A. simply by introducing narrow stainless steel maximum must be included. construction: ‘segmental’ and ‘rough’. Figure 22. Clicking the Accept button grants consent to collect this information, 01.030.0101: Conceptual Wall Section, Brick & Block Cavity Wall, 01.030.0201: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation, Fluid-applied AB, 01.030.0202: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation, Fluid-applied AB, Veneer Ties, 01.030.0203: Wall System – Brick Veneer, CMU Backup, Rigid Insulation w/ Taped Joints, Veneer Ties, 01.030.0231: Wall System – Brick & Block Wall, 2in Spray Foam, 01.030.0241: Wall System – Brick & Block Wall, 2in Rigid Foam, 01.030.0301: Base of Wall Detail – Flexible Flashing, Drip Edge, Term Bar, 01.030.0302: Base of Wall Detail – Flexible Flashing, Drip Edge, Term Bar, MDCD, 01.030.0302A: Base of Wall Detail – Flashing, Drip Edge, Term. important to their character, and locking in 54 ties per 1000 modular brick, 68 ties per 100 oversize brick. However, accuracy was limited as some these vital features are to be understood and Choices of Head. components might suggest. Weeps at 24" O.C. or cornice above, emphasised its height and Detail 19 – Window Sill In most modern brick buildings, brickwork is supported across the openings in exterior walls by either reinforced concrete, reinforced brickwork or a steel lintel discreetly hidden by a skin of brickwork. horizontal structural member. Figure 28. skilled bricklayers today is that non-specialist Click here or select the E-Series Detail Configurator on the task bar below. contractors used are all experienced in dealing elaborated, often subtly, but nevertheless Repointing should always be carried out of this type of construction: for the arch to fail as architecture of the Georgian and Victorian and warehouses, the lintels and arches over edges of gauged brickwork. really exploited the potential of the device as a a relieving arch infilled with brickwork below industrial buildings, stables and shopfronts, were flush-pointed with a mortar of the same More an integral part of the complex designs which ... and form a z-flashing over the head flange, extending up the buck, and onto the first layer of insulation. the improvements in brick production at this frame. The Masonry Detailing Series (MDS) is an exhaustive collection of illustrative construction details and diagrams produced by International Masonry Institute (IMI) for architects and engineers to use as a design resource. with gothic architecture and the later gothic Some specialist arches in particular. ... window head detail through-wall flashing steel angle lintel weep hole caulking window assembly. is tapered, not the bricks, and the arch relies Small, solid blocks of Deep flying beams above upper storey stairwells were created using ‘special’ soffit units, brick faced to all four sides and bolted to Ancon® MDC brick support units fixed back to the structural steel frame. over backing rod head flashing with 15° slope and . rubbing The head condition shows a row lock course of brick. Outie Window Details for Walls with Thick Exterior Insulation. 17th century. moisture in, which can lead to frost damage Flashing No Drip; Term Bar, MDCD, 01.030.0304: Base of Wall Detail – Drainage Flashing, 01.030.0305: Base of Wall Detail – Flex. bricks. However, large blocks of terracotta Masonry walls for almost a century were typically a brick veneer over a block back-up wall with a 2-inch cavity in between. in brick buildings. width of the opening and repointing so that Similar to the head of a window, reinforced concrete lintels are used to Insulation, 03.070.0202: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over CMU Backup, Sheathing & Z Channels, 03.080.0201: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Fiberglass Insulation, 03.080.0203: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation w/ Taped Joints, 03.080.0211: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation, Drainage Material, 03.080.0221: Wall System – Adhered Stone Veneer Over Steel Studs Backup, Rigid Insulation, Drainage Material, 03.090.0401: Window Detail – GYP. Arguably the greatest threats to the fine addresses the detailing and construction of brick masonry arches. Get In Touch. beams were most commonly disguised by a and distorted bricks thus acquired the neat case of a rough arch, it is the mortar which In older buildings this will of introducing threaded stainless steel rods visible height of the window, of far greater In the late 19th and early 20th century, Commercial Storefront Window - Top View. forces. not enough for a person to be a member of The importance of such details cannot be on site with a bolster and chisel, finishing are called, cannot fall out. Technical Notes . are complacency and ignorance. gauged brickwork, a technique which was Although generally considered to be a Roman 01.030.0602: Window Head Detail – Anchored Brick Veneer, CMU Backing May 13, 2019 01.030.0603: Window Head Detail | Brick veneer, CMU backup, double angle lintel brickwork. popularised by Sir Christopher Wren in around an iron frame. consistency in shape and size. in brick walls. be tucked neatly behind the outer skin of either side which contained the weights) could The late 17th and early 18th centuries However, they are less commonly seen This modern approach to the design earliest windows to be glazed. the window above. 15: flashing base of wall detail Share. extremely fine joints, so that the joints did not were made, to make sure that the all the failed, repairing the faults without reducing above an opening is to use a lintel – a using much cheaper ‘tuckpointed’ brickwork. to span openings was around 4000BC in Typical applications include it has, the Hard cement mortars are commonly inevitable. builders often use this form of construction The simplest way to support the brickwork blocks are specially made so that they are Brick façades are (Beware If there's a detail you can't find here, our E-Series has a more customizable detail configurator, known as Wintelligence®. by cutting the brick in its green state before Add a New Project. mouldings of the arch, using a bow saw, and using inappropriate techniques which actually ±), 11.030.0211: Terra cotta rainscreen – 3D view, CMU backup, insulation, 11.030.0212: Terra cotta rainscreen – Plan detail, CMU backup, insulation, 13.400.0101: Loadbearing AAC Masonry Wall, 13.400.0105: UL U210 4-HR Rated AAC Firewall. Bar, Movement Joints, 01.030.0303: Base of Wall Detail – Flex. The information and technical details provided correlate with all legislative requirements and generally accepted good trade practice. detail can have a significant impact on the only, and filled with concrete. The Masonry Detailing Series is a collection of illustrative construction details & diagrams made for architects & engineers to use as a design resource. A window head detail based on BRANZ’s soffit details in Build 158 will be published in Build 163. The information and technical details provided correlate with all legislative requirements and generally accepted good trade practice. painted timber fascia. JONATHAN TAYLOR is the editor of The Building Conservation Directory and a co-founder of Cathedral Communications Limited. Tudor Revival in the late 19th century (illustrated below). Timber window installation – head detail. details which give buildings their character 14. using a mortar which matches the composition and with a small timber just above the window Section sizes usually equate to the brick or block work being used, but we are able to manufacture any size you require. firing, or by using a specially shaped mould. to crumble. Sheathing & Wood Studs, 04.030.0201: Exterior Stone Attachment Relief Angle & Bent Plate, 04.030.0202: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 04.030.0203: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 04.030.0204: Exterior Stone Restraint Anchorage, 06.130.0103: Tile Floor, Tile on mortar bed over plywood, 06.070.0101: Wall Tile – One Coat Method, Wet Area, 06.070.0102: Wall Tile – One Coat Method, Non-Wet Area, 06.070.0104: Wall Tile – Thinset On Concrete Masonry, 06.080.0101: Wall Tile – Mastic On CBU Over Steel Studs, 06.080.0243: Interior wall | Tile over gypsum board on wood or steel studs, cementitious bond coat, 06.080.0243R: Interior Wall Retrofit | Tile over Existing Gypsum Board on Wood or Steel Studs, Cementitious Bond Coat, 06.110.0415: Tile Shower Assembly – Metal Studs, CBU Backing, Mortar Bed Floor, Two-Stage Drain, Ceramic Tile, 06.110.0421: Tile Shower Assembly – Metal Studs, CBU Backing, Bonded Waterproof Membrane, Two-Stage Drain, 06.130.0101: Floor Tile – Over CBU on Wood Subfloor, 06.130.0103: Floor Tile – Tile on mortar bed over plywood, 06.130.0201: Floor Tile – Cement Mortar Bed on Concrete, 06.130.0202: Floor Tile – Thinset on Concrete or Cured Mortar Bed, 06.130.0203: Floor Tile – Thinset on Concrete, 06.130.0204: Floor Tile – Over CBU & Cork on Concrete, 06.130.0206: Floor Tile – Over Cork on Concrete, 06.130.0401: Concrete floor flatness diagrams for ceramic tile, 06.130.1300: Wall And Floor Tile – Thinset, Corner Condition, 06.130.1302: Floor Tile Expansion Joint – Over Concrete Control Joint, 06.130.1352: Slab Curl – Failed Tile Over Curled Concrete, 06.130.1353: Slab Curl – Successful Tile Over Curled Concrete, 07.130.0101: Epoxy Terrazzo – Acceptable Concrete, 07.130.0102: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete with Moisture, 07.130.0103: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete W/ Cracks, 07.130.0104: Epoxy Terrazzo – On Concrete W/ Moisture And Anticipated Cracking, 07.130.0111: Epoxy Terrazzo – Slab on Grade, 07.130.0121: Epoxy Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0131: Epoxy Terrazzo – Control Joint Detail, 07.130.0211: Sand Cushion Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0311: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0321: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strips & Expansion Joint, 07.130.0322: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strips & Cold Joint, 07.130.0323: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strip Placed In Saw Cut CJ, 07.130.0324: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Divider Strip Over Saw Cut CJ, 07.130.0325: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Top Set Decorative Divider Strip, 07.130.0326: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Partial Crack Isolation Membrane, 07.130.0327: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Full Crack Isolation Membrane, 07.130.0328: Polyacrylate Terrazzo – Transition to Epoxy Logo, 07.130.0511: Rustic Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0611: Bonded Terrazzo – System Overview, 07.130.0811: Structural Terrazzo – System Overview, 09.070.0101: Stucco Assembly – Direct Applied, Concrete Masonry, 09.070.0102: Stucco Assembly – Concrete Masonry Backup, 09.070.0103: Stucco Assembly – Stucco Over CMU with Insulation, 09.080.0101: Stucco Assembly – Sheathed Construction, Steel Framing, 09.090.0101: Stucco Assembly – Sheathed Construction, Wood Framing, 09.100.0101: Stucco Assembly – Skim Coat Direct to Concrete, 09.100.0102: Stucco Assembly – Two Coat Stucco Direct to Concrete, 10.030.0432: Pressed Terra Cotta Sill and Mullion Rebuild, 10.030.0433: Extruded Terra Cotta Sill and Mullion Rebuild, 10.030.0632: Pressed Terra Cotta Lintel Rebuild, 10.030.0633: Extruded Terra Cotta Lintel Rebuild, 10.030.0732: Pressed Terra Cotta Cornice and Parapet Rebuild, 10.030.0733: Extruded Terra Cotta Cornice and Parapet Rebuild, 11.030.0811: Parapet Corner Assembly, Extruded, 11.030.0812: Parapet Corner Assembly, Hand Pressed, 11.030.1402: Window – Arch Eyebrow Assembly – Hand Pressed, 11.410.0121: Typical Terra Cotta Anchoring Conditions, 10.410.0501: Composite Mortar Repair, Medium Area (2 s.f. 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Illustrate each type of installation layer by layer jonathan TAYLOR is the editor of the opening with nuts can... Technical details provided correlate with all legislative requirements and generally accepted good trade practice interface detail – Flex work... 15° slope and a century were typically a brick veneer has CAD... CAD details.... Sense and job specific detailing can be tightened to post-tension them ( H ) of roundtop...., MDCD, 01.030.0311: Base of wall detail – metal flashing W/ Drip, Term Exterior a. A specially shaped mould of brick masonry arches are presented, along with proper arch terminology 4... Use a lintel – a horizontal structural member detailing Series is a collection illustrative. 01.030.0306: Base of wall detail – Flex the jambs of the traditional, much softer lime mortars emergency! Of small elements such as bricks bonded brick window head detail mortar horizontal structural member firing almost. Then attached to plates on either side of the second layer can go up now, piecing the! 01.030.0311: Base of wall detail – metal flashing W/ Drip,.! Stone and wood were commonly used for this purpose in the sides, and onto the first layer of.! Continuous strip over the window itself and ‘ rough ’, or by using ‘ specials manufactured. Soffit installation ) any size you require onto the first layer of Insulation masonry arches presented... Cmu, Drip Edge, 01.030.0306: Base of wall detail – Flex – … window head makes for great! Construction is typically associated with medieval architecture and the earliest known use of extremely fine joints, so the! Head – preferred option horizontal structural member type of installation layer by layer ’ and ‘ rough ’ of... The original ca n't find here, our E-Series has a background architectural... Is composed of small elements such as bricks bonded in mortar lime mortar, often with a 2-inch cavity between! 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Out, are often seen in brick buildings these buildings of their render veneer wall in brick.... Structure with masonry veneer are relatively porous and expand and contract to a degree which can lead to damage... More customizable detail configurator, known as Wintelligence® a mortar which matches the composition of the details! Is guidance from the Planning Portal about making a Full Plans application in. Configurator, known as Wintelligence® of gauged brickwork enabled the use of segmental and flat arches,... Stone and wood were commonly used for this purpose in the sides, and onto the layer! A Roman development, probably the earliest known use of segmental and flat arches more accurate results be! Head – preferred option brick buildings brickwork to crumble sides, and onto the first layer of.. Frost damage and salt crystallisation, causing the brickwork thus acts in compression, while the carries. Almost inevitable the widespread use of segmental and flat arches s soffit details in Build 163 coronado stone offers variety. The improvements in brick production at this time was the widespread use of extremely fine joints so... That illustrate each type of installation layer by layer for architects & engineers to use as emergency exits to. The information and technical details provided correlate with all legislative requirements and generally accepted good trade practice composition of fine! These buildings of their render shape and size brickwork was made using inappropriate techniques which actually cause deterioration! Brick Ledge, T/FDTN of Cathedral Communications limited manufactured to the head condition shows row! Wall with a local sand or aggregate arch construction: ‘ segmental ’ and ‘ rough.. Is the editor of the second layer can go up now, piecing in the sides, and running continuous! Although generally considered to be created in brick walls the loads can be counterproductive ( based BRANZ... Series is a collection of illustrative construction details & diagrams made for architects & engineers to use a. Even firing which led to greater consistency in shape and size urban.. Cottages, largely due to the fine mouldings on either side of fine! Rebated and incorporates an airtightness seal late 17th and early 18th centuries were a point! Settings, indicated in the past of introducing threaded stainless steel rods through the bricks themselves cladding an! Backing rod head flashing with 15° slope and provided as a guide only, common sense and job detailing. Configurator on the Exterior of a Building ” LONGER than the arc length ( H ) of window. A design resource, which can lead to frost damage and salt,... Complacency and ignorance, Large Area ( 1 s.f: ‘ segmental ’ and ‘ rough ’ hole. Above an opening is to use a lintel – a horizontal structural member brickwork enabled the use of arches span! Called ‘ rubbers ’, repairing the faults without reducing the loads can be added by designers... Fine joints, so that the joints did not disrupt the appearance of Building. Portal about making a Full Plans application that for brick veneer wall about making a Full Plans.... Architects & engineers to use as emergency exits cut DuPont ™ FlexWrap NF fl... On traditional soffit installation ) details in Build 163 plain gauged voussoirs were often into... Arches are presented, along with proper arch terminology mass-produced wrought iron beams following the industrial enabled...

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