Booker T. Washington nació en el 5 de abril de 1856 en la granja Burroughs de la comunidad de Hale Ford (), a unos 40 kilómetros de Roanoke.Su madre Jane era una esclava que trabajaba como cocinera, y su padre un desconocido blanco propietario de una plantación en el piedemonte virginiano. Washington taught that hard work and patience were the best ways for them to improve their lives. Washington's health was deteriorating rapidly in 1915; he collapsed in New York City and was diagnosed by two different doctors as having Bright's disease, related to kidney diseases. [12], In addition to his contributions in education, Washington wrote 14 books; his autobiography, Up from Slavery, first published in 1901, is still widely read today. Site Bulletin Booker T. Washington National Monument, 2016. [4], People called Washington the "Wizard of Tuskegee" because of his highly developed political skills, and his creation of a nationwide political machine based on the black middle class, white philanthropy, and Republican Party support. His father was an unknown white man, most likely from a nearby plantation. But at the same time, Washington secretly arranged to fund numerous legal challenges to such voting restrictions and segregation, which he believed was the way they had to be attacked. A well-respected African American leader named Booker T. Washington gave a speech that would be later named the "Atlanta Compromise" at the Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta on September 18, 1895 (Booker T. Washington Biography). Although Washington and the very-private Rogers were seen as friends, the true depth and scope of their relationship was not publicly revealed until after Rogers' sudden death of a stroke in May 1909. Washington and his mother lived in a one-room log cabin with a large fireplace, which also served as the plantation’s kitchen. She taught in Mississippi and Tennessee before going to Tuskegee to work as a teacher. in, Manning Marable, "Tuskegee Institute in the 1920's", Carl S. Matthews, "Decline of Tuskegee Machine, 1915-1925-Abdication of Political-Power. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Washington. He believed that if African Americans worked hard and obtained financial independence and cultural advancement, they would eventually win acceptance and respect from the white community. Afterward the plane was renamed as the Booker T. After his death, he came under heavy criticism in the civil rights community for accommodationism to white supremacy. Du Bois criticized Washington for not demanding equality for African Americans, as granted by the 14th Amendment, and subsequently became an advocate for full and equal rights in every realm of a person's life. Neither is fit to perform the supreme function of citizenship. [65], At Washington's death, Tuskegee's endowment was close to $2 million. Booker T. Washington was one of the foremost African American leaders of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, founding the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. [54], They included compilations of speeches and essays:[55], In an effort to inspire the "commercial, agricultural, educational, and industrial advancement" of African Americans, Washington founded the National Negro Business League (NNBL) in 1900.[56]. Because his parents were slaves owned by the Burroughs family, Booker … Representing the last generation of black leaders born into slavery, Washington was generally perceived as a supporter of education for freedmen and their descendants in the post-Reconstruction, Jim Crow-era South. Nearly 5,000 new, small rural schools were built to improve education for blacks throughout the South, most after Washington's death in 1915. Booker T. Washington 1856-1915, Educator Booker Taliaferro Washington was the foremost black educator of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. [citation needed], Washington's long-term adviser, Timothy Thomas Fortune (1856–1928), was a respected African-American economist and editor of The New York Age, the most widely read newspaper in the black community within the United States. Booker T. Washington was born on April 5, 1856 in Franklin County, Virginia, USA as Booker Taliaferro Washington. 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