Trees provide shelter and make useful windbreaks and live fences. 3 parts potting soil and 1 part river sand), in summer. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Fabaceae + Synonyms. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Propagation of this species can be achieved by seeds, cuttings and suckers. Dalbergia sissoo is used as firewood, timber, poles, posts, tool handles, fodder, erosion control and as a windbreak. It can fix Nitrogen. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. Trees are slow growing, although the plant may reach about 3 m in 10 years; They take up to 100 years to produce a trunk with enough heartwood worth harvesting. It grows very well in sandy, loam and clay soils. Common names: zebra wood, African blackwood, African ebony (Eng. & Perrottet (syn. Uses To the south, it ranges from Angola to Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique, as far south as the Transvaal (Gillett et al., 1971; Redhead and Temu, 1981). Medicinal Uses – Dalbergia melanoxylon is well known throughout eastern Africa as a medicinal tree, usage being made of its bark, leaves and roots, and it is found in many listings of African medicinal plants. It produces a dense timber highly prized for its rich colour but is highly variable in form and very slow-growing, needing seventy years or more to reach timber-harvesting size. Flowers are a good source of nectar for honey bees. ... An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. They can be used to prevent soil erosion because of its extensive root system. ), A beautiful, small, spiny tree, with fragrant, white, pea-like flowers in dense clusters in early summer; it also produces attractive purple-black heartwood that can be used to make musical instruments. Germination can be expected after 8 days. Fruit is a small, brown to khaki-coloured, flattened, thin, papery pod, not splitting, with a slight swelling where there is a seed. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32504A9710439.en. The specific name is Greek and means ‘dark wood’. Ken Fern, Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Dalbergia melanoxylon is distributed in South Africa (where it occurs in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga), Swaziland, Botswana and Namibia, northwards to Senegal and eastwards to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Kenya. It is often multi-stemmed and much-branched, forming a low, irregularly shaped crown. The heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon (trade names: African blackwood, African ebony, grenadille d’Afrique, ébène du Sénégal, ébène du Mozambique) was already used by the ancient Egyptians for artefacts and for furniture such as thrones and beds. Of further concern is the scarcity of substitute woods for these uses. The bark is pale grey, smooth, but becoming rough and flaking with age. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. In: Sustainable Production of African blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon. It is found near water or in valleys of impeded drainage. Distribution: This African tree has an extensive range on… Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, heavily branched tree, typically 4.5-7.5 m tall but occasionally reaching 15 m. The bole is fluted with high narrow ribs separated by deep indentations. Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. This wood is often used for flutes and other instruments, especially in Germany. https//uses.plantnet.org.en/Dalbergia –melanoxylon-(PROTA). Grow this tree in a sunny position, in clayey soil with water in summer. The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of … Seeds are kidney-shaped. Not registered yet? (Dalbergia melanoxylon) Unfortunately, I have only worked with and seen African Blackwood once in my life. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. African Ebony originates from dry parts of tropical and subtropical Africa, its natural range extending from Senegal to South Sudan and from Ethiopia, through Kenya, to southern Africa.. PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. Distribution: A rather extensive range in savanna regions from Sudan southward to Mozambique, westward to Angola, and then northward to Nigeria and Senegal. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Dalbergia stevensonii is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate. Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (19) Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. It is sold in small volumes, but at high prices. Bole length occasionally reaches 3.6 m but normally ranges within .2-1.8 m. Average dbh at maturity is less Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Dalbergia clade (or tribe): the Dalbergieae. & Perr.) Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Ajna Fern African blackwood - Dalbergia melanoxylon in the province of Cabo Delgado. The soil should be kept moist all the time, but not wet. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Seeds must be collected when they are brown, cleaned by removing the papery pod and sown when they are still fresh, without pre-treatment, in a seed tray filled with a well-drained sowing medium (e.g. Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. African Blackwood. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. The leaves and pods provide good mulch and the roots of these trees may improve the soil by nitrogen fixation. The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The sapwood is yellowish white, and makes an eye-catching contrast with the black heartwood. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T32504A9710439. The database and code is licensed under a The fruits and foliage are browsed by game and livestock, except horses. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is known as an indispensable material for the production of musical instruments, e.g., clarinets, oboes, and piccolos. under Heat Stress: Production … Habitant and Distribution of Dalbergia melanoxylon The interest of early researchers as Guillemin & Perrottet 1832 (Guill & Perr) and others in the mid-1960’s were based on ethnobotanical research on Dalbergia melanoxylon including the habitat, ecology, distribution, economic uses, nomenclature and Synonyms of this species. Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide, Günter Baumann; African plants - A Photo Guide, http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. ]. ), isparati, mpingo (Swati), mogôrôgôrô (Northern Sotho), xilutsi, shipalats, xipalatsi (Tsonga), muuluri (Venda), mokgêlete (Tsw), umphhingo (Zul. & Perr.) Kuntze. Accessed on 2019/12/02. It is particularly in demand for making wind-instruments and parts of violins. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Mature trees are fire tolerant and young seedlings are harmed by fire. Click here to register. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. However, it is widely exploited for its timber in many parts of Africa, where it is declining, with severely fragmented populations, and is listed as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN Red List, with research needed. Abstract Notes are given on the botany, ecology, distribution (in Africa), uses, silviculture, limitations, and future research needs of this multipurpose nitrogen fixing tree. This tree is found as an understorey tree in open miombo woodland dominated by species of Brachystegia, Julbernardia and Isoberlinia, but is most common near water. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Common Name: African Blackwood. The fruit is a pod with one or two seeds per pod. In South Africa, the timber is used to manufacture musical instruments, fine furniture, walking sticks and knife handles. African Blackwood / Grenadillo Dalbergia Melanoxylon African Blackwood Family: Leguminosae Other Names: Congowood, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony Cape Damson ebony. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Struik, Cape Town. Dalbergia melanoxylon is widely distributed in Africa, from Senegal across to Sudan, Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. The generic name Dalbergia honours the Swedish brothers Nils and Carl Dalberg, botanists who lived in the eighteenth century. Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments (guitar bodies and fingerboards), furniture, cabinetry, inlays, carving, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Kuntze. It is a plant of low to moderate elevations and it grows in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 18–35ºC and the mean annual rain fall is 700–1 200 mm. Lusaka 1976 Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa. Dalbergia melanoxylon. Branches are clustered at the nodes. Dalbergia melanoxylon. It cannot grow in the shade. The following is a list of 14 African Hardwoods along with their various qualities and how they are commonly used: 1. Section of wood showing white sapwood and dark heartwood. Login to add your Comment ), sebrahout, swartdriedoring, driedoringebbehout (Afr. Flora Zambesiaca Leguminosae subfamily Papillionoideae byJ.M. Flowers are very small, white, pea-shaped, sweetly scented, produced in branched clusters arising at nodes along the branches, in early summer (from October to December). Dalbergia melanoxylon. & Perr. In: Louppe, D., Oteng-Amoako, A.A. & Brink, M. (Eds). The African Blackwood Tree and the woodworker. Van Wyk, B. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. Dalbergia melanoxylon is traditionally used to treat diarrhoea, headache, bronchitis and colds, rheumatism, prevent miscarriage, treat gonorrhoea, stomachache and abdominal pain, to clean wounds, relieve pain in joints and to treat inflammation in mouth and throat. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. This plant is extremely slow growing. & Perr. & Perr. (Dalbergia melanoxylon) About; Range and Habitat; Uses and Threats. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. Guill. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. If you would like to support this site, please consider. A bagpipe practice chanter made out of African Blackwood. Leaves are compound (imparipinnate); leaflets are oval, clustered on small branches. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., 2008. Cambridge, UK: Fauna and Flora International. 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