Asperger's was once considered different from autism. Steven Silverman examines the concentration and increasing numbers of Asperger’s and Autistic persons in the Silicon Valley in an in-depth article on this phenomenon in the magazine Wired, in the December 2001 issue. Unlike Autistic Disorder however, in Asperger’s Disorder onset of speech is usually not delayed; but like autism, speech in Asperger’s is repetitive, with monotone intonation and absence of first person pronouns. Then he segues into an exquisitely executed rendition of Chopins Fantaisie Impromptu. There are many similarities in autism and Asperger syndrome, also known as Asperger’s disorder. Savant skills are occasionally found in people with other types of intellectual disability and in the non-disabled population, so most researchers use the term 'savant syndrome' instead of autistic savant. Mozart was extremely skilled at composing music; he was known to compose as a young child and continued doing so late into life. Language overall is rather limited in Asperger’s Disorder, but in the area of special expertise, conversation can be expansive, pedantic and seemingly scholarly but shows little grasp of the meaning of words put forth so liberally. I wanted to post this article because I feel it points out some really positive points about individuals who have been diagnosed with Aspergers syndrome. Since Mental Retardation (using DSM IV terminology for this part) was very rare for Asperger's Syndrome (it was generally associated with CDD, Autistic Disorder, and sometimes with PDD-NOS), Aspergers Savants are rare, although I did do some fact checking before concluding and I did find one savant who was diagnosed with Asperger's Syndrome named Jerry Newport, who is an author and public speaker. Tammet's form of autism, called Asperger's syndrome… negative nature of the term idiot savant, sa vant syndrome" has begun to replace the older term. Please feel free to submit articles to enhance the knowledge, acceptance, understanding and research of Autism and ASD. Asperger himself, as well as other clinicians, have commented on face blindness (prosopagnosia) as being present, perhaps denoting a subgroup of the disorder. The 20-year-old musician accompanies himself on a grand piano, deftly striking the keys with a dexterity reminiscent of the Duke himself. Several distinctive features of Asperger’s are generally described: (1) clumsiness and poor motor coordination, not regularly seen in autism; (2) a higher level of social functioning than seen in autistic persons but containing unusual, peculiar and naïve social interactions; (3) the use of facile, expansive language in several favorite subject areas but with no grasp of the meaning of words used, in contrast to mutism or globally impaired speech so often characteristic of autism; and (4) an average or above average measured IQ. They talk like regular people, sometimes really fast, and about completely different subjects. However, Savant Syndrome can also be acquired because of a serious brain injury. There are around 700,000 autistic people in the UK – that's more than 1 in 100. UNDER THE MICROSCOPE: ALTHOUGH SAVANT syndrome is not an officially recognised medical diagnosis, Darold Treffert, an American research psychiatrist, who was a But mean cerebral gray matter volume for the Asperger’s group was intermediate between the high functioning autistic group and the control group suggesting “a continuum in which cerebral gray matter volume increases with the severity of the PDD condition.” However when specific neuropsychological testing, including verbal IQ and performance IQ discrepancies were analyzed, there was a suggestion that high functioning autism and Asperger’s Syndrome were different disorders. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Beyond merely describing the disorder that bears his name, Dr. Asperger was passionately involved in the teaching and training of his “autistic” patients and overall he was very optimistic about outcome using proper methods and techniques. Savant skills, while not universally present in Asperger’s persons, are very common, and generally include prodigious memory. The allure, fascination and intrigue of savant syndrome is the jarring juxtaposition of extraordinary ability and significant disability in the same person, and all … The May 6, 2002 issue of TIME magazine, has an in-depth section entitled “The Secrets of Autism.” One portion of that article examines Asperger’s disorder — “a.k.a. Asperger’s syndrome was previously considered a “mild” or “high-functioning” form of autism. Since then there has been continuous debate as to whether Asperger’s Disorder and Autistic Disorder are simply different points on a spectrum of the same disorder, or whether they are in fact two different conditions that happen to share a number of symptoms in common. Kanner’s work received wide distribution, but Asperger’s work was largely ignored until 1981 when Asperger’s work was translated into English for the first time, and his name was attached to the disorder. Instead, I was introduced to a child who displayed very classic signs of Asperger’s syndrome. 'Autistic savant' means a person with autism who has a special skill. Hyperlexia Type 3; How differently does savant syndrome manifests itself than aspergers? Dr Darold Treffert is The Leading Expert and Top Researcher in the Field of Savant Syndrome. It is interesting that both Dr. Asperger and Dr. Kanner independently latched onto and included the word autism to describe the syndromes they separately witnessed. Savant syndrome is perhaps one of the most fascinating phenomena in the study of human differences and cognitive psychology. However while savant syndrome can occur in persons where Mental Retardation is the basic CNS disorder, savant syndrome can also be seen in persons with IO’s below 70 as a finding or symptom where the basic developmental disorder is instead Autism, Asperger’s, Hyperlexia, PDD or Williams Syndrome, for example, or a number of other conditions following CNS injury or disease. An autistic savant may display their abilities in many ways, mostly in any of the following fields: 1. Treffert, an expert on autism and savant syndrome, worked on Rain Man as a script consultant, which may explain his view on a film that has become divisive in … 'Autistic savant' means a person with autism who has a special skill. I have Asperger’s and mild Savant Syndrome. Autism news, information and support. Just as “mental retardation” is not a single entity—there are many subgroups with differing causes—Autistic Disorder, or autism, likewise is not a single disorder with a single cause in all cases. Dr. Darold Treffert, a world-renowned autism and savant syndrome expert, will serve as a keynote speaker, followed by Phyllis Kupperman, founder of the Center for Speech & Language Disorders, who has written extensively on hyperlexia and serves as an advocate for the development of effective treatments for children with a variety of speech and language disorders. That article points up the natural affinity of high functioning autistic persons for computer and related occupations, and examines genetic and environmental reasons why there might be such a startling increase of Autism and Asperger’s disorders as has been reported in California generally, and in the Silicon Valley specifically. Asperger’s Syndrome, identified in the 1940s by Hans Asperger, is a subgroup within the autism spectrum in which children display far more significant motor skill delays and obsessive interests, yet fewer issues with speech delays. I immediately thought of a savant and assumed that's what this child would be like. Savants are, however, more likely to at least have some symptoms common to ASD. The character doesn't need or use the information he's acquired, but he is uniquely able to acquire it. Savant syndrome, characterized by remarkable islands of mental ability in otherwise mentally handicapped persons, may occur in autistic as well as nonautislic individuals. But a diagnosis of Asperger's no longer exists. His drawings include large cities with futuristic dates. Many know people with Asperger’s to have issues with nonverbal communication like with facial expressions and gestures, and have an inappropriate understanding of social interactions. LEARN MORE NOW, April 29, 2004 article in The New York Times by Amy Harmon:Finding out: adults and autism; an answer, but not a cure, for a social disorder. A common explanation is that these skills arise from the person's ability to have intense focus and attention on a given area to the exclusion of all else. Autism, including Asperger syndrome, is much more common than most people think. Some people on … For Wiltshire, however, recalling and drawing the cityscapes in the utmost detail is as easy and unremarkable as making a random doodle. Many of the diagnosed Aspergians will have at least one particular field of intellectual or artistic interest and talent. Agnesian HealthCare is a member of SSM Health. In those daily settings classifications, labels and diagnostic categories can often be too stereotyping, too unindividualized, and too confining. People with Asperger’s are known to be awkward … Autism is generally defined by mental disabilities or retardedness. La sindrome del savant, detta anche sindrome dell'idiota sapiente (dal francese idiot savant), indica una serie di ritardi cognitivi anche gravi che presenta una persona, accanto allo sviluppo di un'abilità particolare e sopra la norma in un settore specifico. [1] The savant syndrome: an extraordinary condition. Their work suggests “that when high functioning autism and Asperper’s syndrome are differentiated by history of language development, as they are herein, qualitative differences may surface when patterns of multiple measurements are examined. This ability, sometimes called savant syndrome, is an example of a splinter skill—a talent or ability that is unrelated to other aspects of a person's life. Some such skills lead to PhDs in mathematics or other sciences and a goodly number of Asperger persons are gainfully, and highly successfully, employed in computer or related industries because of the natural affinity of Asperger persons to organization, numbers and codes. 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